More energy is converted and used in North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) than in any other federal state. A wide range of energy-related expertise has grown out of its long tradition of exploiting natural resources. There is a tight network of research institutions in the region, along with a large number of companies who offer innovative energy products and services aimed at increasing energy efficiency and using renewable energies. NRW is the ideal location for many future-oriented companies - from the extraction of energy raw materials up to the end user of the energy. In the EnergyAgency.NRW, the region has an instrument with a wide variety of competencies at its disposal to continue developing its leading position and achieving its energy-related goals (climate protection, conservation of resources, cost-effectiveness and supply reliability). (www.energieagentur.nrw.de)
The EnergyAgency.NRW manages the clusters EnergyRegion.NRW (www.energieregion.nrw.de) and EnergyResearch.NRW "CEF.NRW" (www.cef.nrw.de). The EnergyAgency.NRW also offers energy-related advisory services in the form of initial and contracting consulting for companies and administrative bodies, as well as information and further training for specialists and private individuals. Training user behaviour is also part of the portfolio
General subsidies: In the state's funding programme progres.nrw more than 98,000 individual projects received assistance to the tune of more than 845 million euros from state and EU funds by the end of 2017.(www.progres.nrw.de).
Share in German power and primary energy consumption: In 2017 more than 36 per cent of the gross electricity consumption and more than 13 per cent of the total primary energy consumption in Germany was accounted for by renewable energy sources. (NRW in 2016: Approximately 11 per cent of electricity consumption and approximately 4 per cent of primary energy consumption accounted for by renewables). Wind power ranks in first place nationwide when it comes to power generation from renewables in 2017, accounting for more than 16 per cent of the gross power generation in Germany. It is followed by biomass with around 7 per cent, photovoltaics with about 7 per cent and hydropower with 3 per cent. This means that renewables are again overall the most important power generator for Germany as a whole. This was followed in 2017 by: brown coal at about 23 per cent, hard coal at 14 per cent, natural gas at 13 per cent and nuclear energy at 12 per cent
In the area of total primary energy consumption in Germany in 2017 (electricity, heat, mobility) oil accounts for 35 per cent, natural gas 24 per cent, renewables 13 per cent, hard coal 11 per cent, brown coal 11 per cent and nuclear energy 6 per cent. (www.ag-energiebilanzen.de; www.bmwi.de; www.erneuerbare-energien.de)
Jobs: According to the figures of the Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy, in 2017 an economic boost of about 15 billion euros was achieved nationwide from the operation of plants using renewables. About 15 billion euros were invested, safeguarding approximately 340,000 jobs (of which around 210,000 were accounted for by investments and exports, 60,000 by operation and maintenance and 60,000 by the provision of fuels including vehicle fuels. About 8,000 jobs are assigned in the ministry statistics to publicly funded research and administration). In more than 4,500 companies in NRW there were about 44,000 people employed in the renewables domain in 2015. (www.foederal-erneuerbar.de; www.energiestatistik-nrw.de; www.umwelt.nrw.de; www.bmwi.de; www.bmu.de)
Foreign trade: Renewable and efficient energy technologies from North Rhine-Westphalia have excellent opportunities on the world markets. That is why the EnergyAgency.NRW’s cross-section Internal Relations and Foreign Trade Division supports the internationalisation of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) specifically in the field of energy. The Network’s aim is to enhance the productivity of North Rhine-Westphalian SMEs and their involvement in global trade, to network portfolios, solutions and companies and to provide specialist information from the markets. This division collaborates with many national and international network partners from industry, finance, research and politics. The network encompasses almost 2,500 contacts in Germany and elsewhere.
Regular entrepreneur trips and trade fair presentations supplement the programme of expert events and contact forging. Furthermore the EnergyAgency.NRW hosts about 25 international delegations every year to discuss energy matters and to enable them to see at first hand innovative beacon projects from the region. (www.energieagentur.nrw/international)
Mining economy: The "Mining Economy – Smart Mining Global" Network organised by EnergyAgency.NRW since 2015 focuses, with its more than 650 members, on the mining supply industry and on safeguarding mineral resources. It is sponsored by the North Rhine-Westphalian Economic Affairs Ministry and it gives strong backing to NRW companies when opening up new fields of business and international markets. In addition its objective is to promote market-friendly technologies and to help open up other market segments from an impartial position. Alongside its successful international operations, the Network has, among other things, launched the first working group on the subject of "Processes and Alliances" and has integrated the existing Mine Gas working group in the Mining Economy Network. Other major topics are initial and further training, occupational safety and health, environmental protection and the follow-up to mining. The Network collaborates closely with existing associations and institutions, such as VDMA Mining, the foreign mining association Fachvereinigung Auslandsbergbau, the German Natural Resources Agency (Deutsche Rohstoffagentur) and the German chambers of international trade. There is also a constant exchange with universities such as RWTH Aachen University and TH Agricola Bochum.(www.energieagentur.nrw/bergbau)
Biomass: Biomass is of central importance as a material source in the context of cascade utilization. At the same time it acts as a source of energy which can be used to provide electricity, heat and vehicle fuel and it proves to be a highly versatile asset in the energy sector. In the field of agricultural biogas installations there were approximately 623 facilities in service in North Rhine-Westphalia in the middle of 2016 with an installed electrical capacity of approximately 295 MW. In the different value chains of solid, liquid and gaseous biomass, innovative projects are emerging in NRW for the more efficient utilisation of resources and by-products from agricultural, forestry and waste management sources. These are being initiated, moderated and accompanied by the EnergyAgency.NRW. About 1,500 players participate in the Biomass Network. The Network's homepage and the new Bioenergy Atlas.NRW give comprehensive information on the technologies, contacts and projects in the biomass sector. (www.energieagentur.nrw/bioenergie)
Fuel cell, hydrogen and electromobility: Hydrogen and fuel cell technology as well as battery-powered mobility are seen as a major key technology in all areas of the energy and transport system. More than 450 mostly medium-sized companies and research institutes have joined together in the "Fuel Cell and Hydrogen, Electromobility Network" in North Rhine-Westphalia, as have more than 100 project partners from the Model Region Electromobility NRW. The Network supports this technology, among other things by initiating and providing ongoing expert assistance in collaborative projects. To date the state of NRW and the EU (European Regional Development Fund - ERDF) have provided 140 million euros for 125 projects in fuel cell and hydrogen technology. In addition other projects in NRW were supported with federal funds through the National Innovation Programme (NIP) and the Energy Storage Funding Initiative, as well as through the European FCH JU programme in the context of Horizon 2020. The subjects covered by the projects range from the development of individual system components, such as compressors and sensors, to the development and testing of complex products such as buses or filling stations.
In the field of battery-powered mobility about 80 projects in more than 50 towns have been launched and supported since 2009, involving funding of 56 million euros. This was based on programmes of the Federal Transport Ministry. The fields of the integration of renewables in the transport sector, the use of electric vehicles in commercial and municipal fleets or the development of related business models are being supported. In these projects the Federal Transport Ministry has funded about 1000 vehicles and 1,400 charging points in NRW.
"ElektroMobility NRW" is an umbrella brand of the NRW economic affairs ministry. This brand covers all the state’s electromobility activities. This is where the ElektroMobility NRW Competence Centre and the EnergyAgency.NRW work on behalf of the NRW economic affairs ministry on the continuing development of electromobility in North Rhine-Westphalia - with financial assistance from the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).
In the context of the energy turnaround (Energiewende) hydrogen will play a growing role as a storage medium in the future energy supply (viz "Power-to-Gas"). The hydrogen stored can be converted back to electricity highly efficiently using fuel cells or utilized as a "domestic fuel" in fuel cell motor vehicles to ensure no-emission mobility. For this purpose the six existing H2 filling stations in NRW will be supplemented by eight more in 2018 and be at the disposal of the growing number of cars and bus fleets in public transport. As from 2021 it is also intended to deploy fuel cell railcars on certain routes in the Ruhr region.
There is also the possibility of using stationary fuel cell applications, for example, for combined power and heat generation in boiler rooms (in Germany more than 2,000) or for the uninterruptible or non-grid-based autonomous power supply to, among other things, mobile radio masts. There are attractive opportunities for funding investment in a CHP (combined heat and power) system with fuel cells.(www.energieagentur.nrw/netzwerk/brennstoffzelle-wasserstoff-elektromobilitaet)
Energy first advisory services: In 2017 the engineers of the EnergyAgency.NRW performed more than 400 detailed initial consultations nationwide for companies and for municipalities. There were more than 6,300 visitors to the NRW mobile information centre over 64 days. 104 municipalities or districts in NRW participate in the "European Energy Award" energy management programme, while 346 municipalities use the CO2 footprint tool.
In addition 309 building checks and 534 solar checks were performed by skilled craft workers and detailed energy-saving advice was offered by engineers and architects in homes housing one or two families in 51 cases. On average, an energy building check triggered 7,500 euros and a solar check 5,700 euros of investment; in other words, these instruments alone were the trigger for investments of more than 5.5 million euros in the area of energy-related building modernisation in 2017. Since these initiatives were started, investments of more than 438 million euros have been triggered by about 65,000 checks.(www.energieagentur.nrw/foerderung)
Energy refurbishment of buildings: Energy-efficient buildings are the future. From the beginning of 2006 to October 2017 about 136,000 loan applications with a volume of about 9.1 billion euros were approved across the region by the reconstruction bank Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW) to finance the energy refurbishment of buildings. A full 460,000 housing units were thus modernised in NRW. In the same period about 140,000 applications were submitted for a grant for the energy refurbishment of buildings involving a financial volume of 220 million euros. In more than 300,000 housing units in NRW it was thus possible to implement energy-related refurbishment measures. (www.energieagentur.nrw/modernisierung)
ALTBAUNEU is a joint initiative of municipalities and administrative districts in North Rhine-Westphalia. It supports the participating district bodies in providing advice to their citizens and building owners concerning the appropriate implementation of energy refurbishment measures for buildings. Those involved in the ALTBAUNEU project include 7 administrative districts and 16 independent towns and municipalities. Potentially 117 independent towns and communities with about 7.6 million inhabitants in North Rhine-Westphalia can be reached via the network (that means more than 40 per cent of the north Rhine-Westphalian population). The initiative is co-ordinated centrally by the EnergyAgency.NRW, supported by the NRW consumer centre and the craft industry in NRW and implemented locally in the participating municipal bodies. (www.alt-bau-neu.de)
Energy savers NRW: From 2006 to 2017, 1,466 buildings were awarded the "Energy Saver NRW" plaque and 2,222 individual plaques were given. The NRW Economic Affairs Ministry awards the plaque to buildings which are exemplary in their low energy consumption or their use of renewable energy. The EnergyAgency.NRW co-ordinates this initiative.
Energy Atlas.NRW: The Energie Atlas.NRW specialist information system of the State Agency for Nature, Environment and Consumer Protection (LANUV NRW) is a state-wide information platform covering the current status, expansion opportunities and potentials for renewables in North Rhine-Westphalia. As many as 10 million clicks on the website pages, or as the case may be an average of 250 daily users, testify to the success of this kind of state-wide provision of data and planning principles by the state government to support the expansion of renewable energies. The Energy Atlas has been available since 2012. With the update at the end of 2017 the "old" planning maps concerning electricity-generating renewables appeared with a completely revised design and were supplemented by new digital tools – for example a wind yield calculator. A further new feature is the thematic extension to cover the field of heat. In the heat inventory it is now possible to present heat sources, heat sinks and heat demand alongside one another and to plan the connection of renewable and more environmentally friendly heat sources for residential quarters. The update was also intended to provide access to extensive specialist data via mobile devices (www.energieatlas.nrw.de)
Energy information: The quarterly magazine "Innovation & Energy" has almost 24,000 subscribers, and in 2017 the English-language edition achieved a print-run of 10,000. These were used, for example, during the UN Climate Change Conference in Bonn or as part of foreign trade activities.
The email newsletter is sent every week to more than 15,000 subscribers. There are also special editions of the newsletter related to specific themes. The internet site family under www.energieagentur.nrw is one of the most frequently visited sites in the energy domain: In 2017 the EnergyAgency.NRW registered at www.energieagentur.nrw and various theme-related portals 1.4 million website call-ups and more than 390,000 visitors.
The EnergyAgency's online media also include 26 online tools. With more than 280,000 visits in 2017 the calculators are among the most popular online services of the EnergyAgency.NRW. The most frequently used were the Powercheck [STROM.check] with almost 50,000 visits and the PV.Calculator [PV.Rechner] and Powercheck with 22,500 visits. The online tools of the EnergyAgency also appear on partners' websites.
From the EnergyAgency.NRW website nearly 290,000 brochures were downloaded as pdf files and 80,000 printed brochures were ordered by post. A total of 250 various publications are currently available.
Via the Twitter account @EANRW the EnergyAgency.NRW sends a number of tweets daily on the subject to around 7,200 followers. Overall, in 2017 more than 748 followers were added. These include long-range multipliers who often pass on the EnergyAgency.NRW tweets (retweets). The EnergyAgency.NRW is also present on Facebook with its own company page and 1,711 followers. It maintains the account "Climate Protection - made in NRW", which has attracted 790 followers. In addition the EnergyAgency.NRW operates the account "EnergieJobs.NRW".
And the EnergyAgency.NRW has a presence on XING, where it uses the events domain to publicize the events it's involved in..
The EA.TV films on the EnergyAgency.NRW YouTube channel registered more than 270,000 viewings in 2017. 12 new films and two video messages were made. A total of 139 films provide information on renewable energy sources, energy efficiency and climate protection in NRW. (www.energieagentur.nrw)
EnergyDialogue.NRW: EnergyDialogue.NRW offers a range of instruments for providing information, consultancy and mediation in the planning and implementation of projects for the use of renewables. This includes specialist consultations, talks, acting as presenter at experts' and community events and procurement services.
In the EnergyDialogue.NRW blog, where current contributions in everything to do with renewable energy sources are published, EnergyDialogue.NRW received more than 87,000 user enquiries in 2017. A user survey revealed that the blog goes down particularly well with staff in the authorities and companies and with freelancers. These are the largest user groups. WindDialogue.NRW is an online participatory service which is used by seven municipalities to communicate in relation to concrete wind energy planning. (www.energieagentur.nrw/energiedialog)
Energy-efficient construction: The "50 Solar Estates in NRW" project shows on the housing estate level the possibilities for active and passive solar energy use to generate heat and electricity. In this way it encourages the widespread introduction of solar and energy-conserving construction. There are now 50 new estates and estates in existing stock which are finished, incorporating more than 4,300 housing units. This means that NRW is the European leader in solar housing; about 11,000 Inhabitants of North Rhine-Westphalia live in solar housing estates. (www.energieagentur.nrw/solarsiedlungen)
The project "100 Climate Protection Estates in NRW" was developed as a follow-up project to 50 Solar Estates in NRW and the aim is to consistently reduce heat-related CO2 emissions in housing estates. To ensure this in new housing and refurbishment projects it is possible to use all technologies capable of cutting CO2. Specific requirements and parameters are given in the planning guidelines. 35 estates have been finished, 26 are currently under construction and a further 19 are planned. (www.energieagentur.nrw/klimaschutzsiedlungen)
Energy research: There’s no beating North Rhine-Westphalia when it comes to energy research - even in relation to other German federal states. At more than 30 renowned universities, 20 leading extra-university institutes and in the research departments of numerous companies people are working on the central questions related to energy and climate. But given the complexity of the challenges posed by the energy turnaround and climate protection it is essential to combine the available skills. This is where the work of the cluster EnergyResearch.NRW (CEF.NRW) comes in.
The cluster networks players in the energy research domain over the entire value chain. It aims at ensuring that the progress made in technological and socio-economic knowledge is applied faster than ever before. For this purpose the cluster initiates research and development projects in a co-ordinated collaboration between research institutions on the one hand and industry and civil society on the other. In addition CEF.NRW acts as a link with energy-related activities by the EU and the federal government, and with energy-related social initiatives.
CEF.NRW is managed by EnergyAgency.NRW and is the contact body for all matters relating to energy research in North Rhine-Westphalia. (www.cef.nrw.de)
Energy economy: The network "Energy Economy – Smart Energy", founded in 2015, brings together the competencies available in NRW in research, development and production with a view to the energy market of the future. It is organised by the EnergyAgency.NRW and is funded by the NRW economics ministry. The network's thematic orientation focuses on digitization of the energy economy. The roughly 700 members of the network include North Rhine-Westphalian public utilities and energy suppliers, as well as energy-intensive industrial facilities. In this connection the network has already established the working groups "Future Fields for Public Utilities and Energy Supply Companies" and "Flexibility Options for Industry". The network organises events at home and abroad to enhance the international business opportunities for North Rhine-Westphalian companies from the fields of energy supply and use as well. (www.energieagentur.nrw/energiewirtschaft)
Financing and business models: The Financing and Business Model Division of EnergyAgency.NRW is concerned with the development and propagation of financing opportunities as well as business models for projects involving renewable energy sources and energy efficiency services in NRW. In 2017, about 80 intensive project consultations and talks were given. In addition about 80 enquiries involving brief consultations received definitive answers.
In 2016 the "Platform for CommunityEnergy & Energy Co-operatives" was established to support the networking of community players. It has 165 members and a collection of projects with 300 entries was drawn up (Bürgerenergie.Atlas).
To invigorate the market for energy efficiency services and contracting a supplier platform has been developed and it will be presented to the general public in the spring of 2018. A course of training was conducted successfully over several days at the beginning of 2017 together with the Climate Protection and Energy Agency of Baden-Württemberg. Its aim was to provide continuous training for project developers in energy-saving contracting. For the first time various workshops and meetings were also offered to the target group of startups to present and promote new business ideas.
The web-based "Manual.Financing" ("Handbuch.Finanzierung") highlights a number of ways municipalities and companies can fund their climate protection projects. In 2017 the online series "TOP Companies & Business Models" was launched; it presents innovative business models with reference to practical examples. Power Marketing.Navi (Strommarketing.Navi) enables operators to compare forms of use and marketing in relation to renewables-based and CHP electricity. It takes account of both the economic and the legal aspects. The most popular online tool in the field of financing and business models is the Funding.Navi (Förder.Navi), within which a few mouse clicks suffice to give an excellent overview of current funding opportunities in the energy domain. (www.energieagentur.nrw/finanzierung)
Geothermal energy: Among the energy technologies geothermal energy is steadily growing in importance. NRW, and more specifically the Ruhr metropolitan region, plays a key role here as the base for numerous companies who are market leaders. Within the Ruhr metropolitan region alone about 230 companies operate in the geothermal market. In NRW the geothermal sector creates about 4000 to 5000 jobs. With warm mine water sources in abandoned mines, NRW has a significant potential for building heating, a potential which is still to be tapped. Initial projects have already been implemented in Essen, Marl and at the Robert Müser mine. To record the potential of mine water systematically the State Agency for Nature, Environment and Consumer Protection NRW (LANUV NRW) commissioned the "Warm Mine Water" potential study. This study determines the technical potential of warm mine water by placing the supply at point-by-point sources in hard and brown coal mining alongside the existing heat sinks. LANUV will publish the results of the study in the spring of 2018.
More than half the heat demand in NRW can be met by utilizing near-surface geothermal heat. This is shown by the "Potential Study for Renewable Energies NRW – Part 4 – Geothermal Energy" ("Potenzialstudie Erneuerbare Energien NRW - Teil 4 - Geothermie"). According to calculations by the State Environment Agency ( LANUV), who compiled the state-wide potential study, the potential for the use of near-surface geothermal heat in NRW is just under 154 terawatt hours per year (TWh/a).
This could cover about 57 per cent of the annual heat demand arising. The study highlights the fact that the climate-friendly utilization of geothermal energy in North Rhine-Westphalia has not yet been exhausted and NRW enjoys excellent conditions when it comes to exploiting near-surface geothermal energy. The results of the study and the present state of ground-based heat pumps can be seen in future in the EnergyAtlas.NRW. (www.energieatlas.nrw.de)
Through the North Rhine-Westphalian geothermal energy portal it is possible to gain fast and comprehensive access to information for the planning of ground-coupled heat pump systems. For this purpose the geological and hydrogeological conditions were evaluated for each location in North Rhine-Westphalia with a view to the use of geothermal heat. This applies both with respect to near-surface geothermal collectors and to geothermal probes down to a depth of 100 metres. In addition to the efficiency of the two systems, the online portal gives information on hydrogeologically critical areas where special attention must be paid to the practical drilling operations and the sustainable operation of the equipment in order to protect the groundwater. There is a "professional access" to the geothermal energy portal which enables specialists such as drilling companies, architects and planners to access more than 30,000 boring logs. In the new digital information system it is possible to retrieve, among other things, the "Map of site suitability of soils for the use of horizontal geothermal collectors", the "Geothermal map for geothermal probes NRW" and the map "Site assessment for the installation and operation of geothermal probes in terms of hydrogeology". (www.geothermie.nrw.de)
To promote deep geothermal projects the state of NRW has commissioned the Geological Service NRW to evaluate geological, hydrogeological and geophysical base data with a view to geothermal use. There already exists a geothermal-geological model to a depth of 5,000 metres for the whole of the Ruhr region as well as assessment charts for deep geothermal probes, thermal sub-surface and enhanced geothermal systems (EGS). (www.energieagentur.nrw/geothermie and www.gd.nrw.de)
This base data was taken as the basis for new examinations. These concentrate on two fields: a) conventional hydrothermal reservoirs in fissured sedimentary reservoir rocks and b) medium-depth seasons heat reservoirs in the cavity structures of collapsed mining operations.
Information on the effect of the drilling project due to potential mining hazards can be obtained from the Arnsberg District Administration.
Mine gas: In 2017 86 mining authorisations had been issued for mine gas in NRW. At the end of 2017 there were 110 unit-type CHP plant modules as well as a turbine set in service with an electrical output totalling 171 megawatt. The 676 million kWh of power generated in 2017 alone is capable of supplying about 150,000 households. The heat output in 2017 stayed at 174 million kWh. The total mine gas potential exploited resulted in a CO2 reduction of approximately 3.2 million tonnes in 2017. (www.wirtschaft.nrw.de)
Wood pellets: Since 2003 the Wood Pellets Campaign has networked the skills of partner companies nationwide and has exploited synergy effects. Its aim is to inform interested persons and organisations about heating with wood pellets, to firm up confidence on the market and to increase the share of the market accounted for by pellet heating systems. Thanks to the funding support for wood pellet heating systems on a state and federal level the number of such systems installed in NRW has risen substantially over the past few years: In 2003 just 644 funded systems were registered in NRW, whereas today more than 31,000 pellet heating systems are in service in NRW with this alternative fuel and throughout Germany this figure is 267,000. Per boiler and year this means that 90 per cent of the CO2 emissions are saved as compared with heating systems fired by fossil fuels. (www.aktion-holzpellets.de)
KlimaKonzept.NRW: Since May 2014 the KlimaKonzept.NRW project has been accompanying institutions of the state of NRW in the development of their own climate strategy as demanded by § 5 of the German Climate Protection Act. The 80 institutions in the state include, alongside the state broadcasting body (WDR), the university hospitals, the student welfare organisations and numerous foundations. When they have estimated their own CO2 emissions in the electricity, heat and mobility sectors, practical approaches to improving their own climate footprint are developed. EnergyAgency.NRW is assigned to accompany and coordinate the project. It provides information on the project and helps with the input, evaluation and interpretation of data. In the year just gone 57 individual consultations were conducted within the project relating to the climate protection of active institutions of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. The consultancy service was backed up by a training event and the provision via the online portal of current day-to-day information, indication of other events, best practice examples and background information. The roll-out of the model project KlimaKonzept.NRW has been launched. It has been possible to recruit 136 new participants. (www.klimakonzept.nrw.de)
ClimateNetworkers.NRW: Since 2012 ClimateNetworkers.NRW (KlimaNetzwerker.NRW) have been working on behalf of the state government to ensure climate protection and energy efficiency throughout the state. At the locations of the NRW district governments and the regional development companies they help to advance the energy turnaround locally and to inform and network municipalities, administrative bodies, companies and other players in matters of climate protection, energy efficiency and adjustment to changing climate. The existing networkers in the five government districts and the regional association were joined in 2017 by seven new climate networkers. These collaborate with the regional development agencies or organisations. As early as 2016 a climate adjustment networker for the whole of NRW has provided support for the team.
The ClimateNetworkers.NRW perform a kind of "hinge" function between the district, the state level and the regional partners, initiate climate protection projects and communicate this throughout the state. In their work they can make use of the portfolio and expertise of the EnergyAgency.NRW. ClimateNetworkers.NRW exercises a specific influence on the organisation of events and the initiation of projects.
In 2017 about 100 events were organised in the regions together with partner organisations. Through regionally structured networks a major portion of the 396 municipalities in NRW are reached. Furthermore the ClimateNetworkers.NRW are out and about in the region on a daily basis. With their information and advisory meetings the reach the target groups directly in the relevant locality. Current projects and information are posted promptly on the internet pages of the EnergyAgency.NRW and the short message service Twitter. (www.energieagentur.nrw/klimaschutz/klimanetzwerker)
Climate Profit Centre NRW: Since June 2016 the EnergyAgency.NRW has operated the Climate Profit Centre NRW for SMEs in the state in order to encourage North Rhine-Westphalian companies to invest in CO2-reduction strategies, to improve the exchange of information between them and to put them in contact with experts locally. These companies, who have previously had nothing to do with the subject of energy efficiency, are also put in contact with consultants via the internet platform and the hotline. Through the Climate Profit Centre NRW they also come into contact with the currently more than 70 energy efficiency networks in NRW. (www.energieagentur.nrw/kpc)
Competence Centre for System Transformation and Energy Infrastructure (KST): The increase of decentralised and renewables-based energy generation also involves a fundamental restructuring of the energy supply system. This concerns not only the important sector of electricity supply, but also the supply of gas and heat, and mobility. In future these sectors will have to be considered together (sector linking) with respect to the systemic and infrastructural challenges for a future-proof energy supply and mobility system. The Competence Centre for System Transformation and Energy Infrastructure brings together the necessary expertise under the umbrella of the EnergyAgency.NRW. The core of the Competence Centre is the network "Networks and Storage Systems" covering the subject areas of transmission and distribution networks, network stability and supply reliability, storage and flexibilisation strategies, and virtual power plants. This network alone has more than 1100 members. In addition the expertise of all the relevant networks of the EnergyAgency.NRW is incorporated. The major subject areas and competencies are therefore directly interlinked within the EnergyAgency.NRW. By means of a close networking of companies, energy suppliers, energy service providers and scientific institutions with the policy-making bodies a targeted know-how transfer is generated, for example in the four working groups on the subjects of transmission networks, distribution networks, storage and sector linking. Small and medium-sized companies in particular are targeted by the Competence Centre. Acting as a "catalyst" the Competence Centre for System Transformation and Energy Infrastructure performs a key function in the initiation of and expert support for innovative themes and projects relating to the transformation of the energy supply system. (www.energieagentur.nrw/systemtransformation)
Power plant technologies: With an installed power plant capacity of approximately 30,756 MW (Power Plants List of the Bundesnetzagentur at 07.11.2017) NRW is the most important power plant location in Germany, if not in Europe. Here roughly 27 per cent of the German power requirement is generated in coal-fired power plants and 26 per cent consumed. Because of the growing proportion of power generation accounted for by renewables, this power plant capacity is only rarely completely on stream, which is why these power plants achieve substantially fewer operating hours than they did a few years ago. Unprofitable power plant units are even occasionally shut down. According to the Bundesnetzagentur (Federal Network Agency for Electricity, Gas, Telecommunications, Post and Railway) around 9,000 MW has been taken off stream since 2011. In addition power plants are increasingly compelled to fulfil the function of compensating for the fluctuating infeed of renewable energies into the grid; this demands a high degree of flexibility.
Because of the steadily increasing fluctuation in the infeed of renewable energies and the simultaneous decline in other forms of generation there are frequent grid bottlenecks which have to be eliminated by redispatching measures on the part of the relevant grid operator. The intervention frequency in hours thus rose from 1,588 in 2010 to 15,811 in 2015. In 2016 it was possible for the first time, with 13,339 hours, to reduce the number of necessary interventions. In the first quarter of 2017 the redispatching measures amounted to 4,342 hours, which means a slight decline as compared to the reference period 2016 (4,482 hours).
In 2016 the world's most modern combined cycle power plant went into service in Düsseldorf with an efficiency level of more than 61 per cent. For the first time 300 MW of district heating can be taken from a single power plant unit with only one gas turbine, and this is fed into the district heating network of the utility Stadtwerke Düsseldorf. With simultaneous heat and power generation the combined cycle plant can achieve an overall fuel utilisation of more than 85 per cent. In relation to the average emissions from power generation worldwide, it therefore saves emissions of around 700,000 t CO2 annually. In Grevenbroich-Neurath the world's most modern brown-coal-fired units are in operation (BoA 2/3 of RWE). Of the investment volume of approximately 2.3 billion euros for the construction of the power plant, about 50 per cent has remained in the region, which has contributed greatly to local value creation. Following the "Reference Power Plant NRW" concept, the unit 10 of the Walsum power plant belonging to STEAG GmbH was erected and with an efficiency rate of up to 46 per cent it is one of the world’s most efficient hard coal-fired power plants. This means that it is possible to save 138 g CO2 per kWh as compared with the present average efficiency of 38 per cent. If all power plants in the world were constructed to this standard, the CO2 emissions would be cut by approximately 30 per cent.
Major synergy effects are being obtained for the industry with the transfer of expertise to solar thermal tower power plants. There roughly 70 per cent conventional boiler technology is used in the power unit. In the German Aerospace Centre in Jülich innovations in this technology are being developed and tried out on a solar thermal trial and demonstration power plant. (www.energieagentur.nrw/kraftwerkstechnik)
Combined heat and power generation: Combined heat and power generation (CHP) is a classic sector linking technology which links power and heat generation extremely efficiently and thus contributes to the flexibilisation of these two sectors. Although CHP is already used in many areas, it still has a great and as yet unexhausted potential.
Industrial CHP in particular achieves relatively high degrees of fuel utilization and number of use hours.
The state government of NRW intends to eliminate the present obstacles to investment in the expansion of CHP and to further expand and condense the economically feasible district heating infrastructure. Various studies and analyses have shown that this is possible. These include the NRW CHP potential study, which determined the economically realistic potentials of CHP in the region, and a feasibility study which analysed more closely the prospects for district heating supply in the Ruhr region up to 2050. The results of these studies have led to the creation of the EU’s largest district heating network, Fernwärmeschiene Rhein-Ruhr (FWSRR). By connecting the existing district heating networks Lower Rhine and Ruhr the FWSRR represents a major contribution to achieving the CO2 and CHP targets of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. In addition to CHP, industrial waste heat will in future serve more as a source for the district heating networks in NRW. LANUV is currently conducting a state-wide potential study to investigate the quantities of heat available for this.
Since 15.11.2014 a new assistance regulation has been in force within the framework of the CHP impetus programme of the state of NRW with the aim of constructing and expanding energy-efficient district heating and cooling networks, including the related distribution and transport facilities for district heating and cooling. A further element is the EU heat infrastructure loan from the NRW.BANK. This grants attractive loans with long terms and up to five interest-only years for investments in energy-efficient district heating and cooling networks.
In various projects in NRW research is continuing into the technology and its possible practical applications. In October 2012 the competition "CHP Model Municipalities NRW" was announced and 51 municipalities have participated with their CHP expansion concepts. Six concepts were chosen by an expert jury as a "CHP model municipality": Bad Laasphe, Iserlohn, Krefeld, Ostbevern/Telgte, Saerbeck and the project group from the towns of Remscheid, Solingen and Wuppertal. Five projects are currently being implemented or have already been concluded. In all 23 projects have been funded with a total amount of 6.6 million euros. The total investment for the projects amounts to more than 12.1 million euros. The municipalities are being given accompanying support here by the CHP Model Municipalities NRW Coordinating Office (Leitstelle KWK-Modellkommunen NRW) which is supervised by the EnergyAgency.NRW.
The EnergyAgency.NRW is acting on behalf of the state government in supporting the expansion endeavours with the campaign "CHP.NRW – Power Meets Heats" (KWK.NRW – Strom trifft Wärme). The aim of this campaign is to publicise the technology and win support for its expansion. Under the umbrella of "CHP.NRW – Power Meets Heat" there exists a strong federation (150 partners) consisting of companies and research institutions, associations and interest representatives. Its purpose is to combine the activities in the field of combined heat and power generation and to intensify them. The campaign has set up an online market guide to help interested parties gain access to the energy-efficient principle of CHP. (www.kwk-für-nrw.de)
Fuels and drives: NRW is not only a significant energy region but also a major region for fuels. Domestic refineries produce about 25per cent of the crude oil consumed in Germany. The stock of licensed vehicles in NRW exceeds 11 million – and the trend is upwards. The amount consumed by road traffic in NRW is approximately 9 million tonnes of oil annually. This is the equivalent of 20 per cent of national sales in Germany. One possibility for lowering CO2 emissions and protecting the climate is to increase the energy efficiency of engines and to use alternative fuels and drives with renewable energy. The focus of attention here is on cars, heavy goods vehicles, buses, air and rail transport, as well as inland shipping.
At the present time greenhouse gases are being reduced on the vehicle fuels market mainly by the use of bio fuels mixed with fossil fuels. The bio diesel producers in, among other places, in Lünen, Neuss and Südlohn are among the largest manufacturers in Germany. Throughout the state NRW has an excellent filling station structure for natural gas and LPG and it is being continuously expanded. In the development of synthetic (bio) fuels and new fuel components the research and development projects being conducted by North Rhine-Westphalian partners also plays a major part. There are a number of very promising research and development projects in NRW. This concerns, for example, the "Power-to-Fuel" domain. The aim is to store and use surplus renewable energy in fuels with high energy density.
North Rhine-Westphalian companies are also involved in activities related to the testing on the market of liquefied natural gas (LNG) as an alternative fuel for heavy goods vehicles and inland shipping. LNG be given an admixture of a biogenic component. In the autumn of 2016 two European projects dealing with this were launched. The INTERREG project "LNG PILOTS" is advancing the development of innovative solutions for setting up a filling station infrastructure. The consortium encompasses 36 partners from North Rhine-Westphalia, Lower Saxony and the Netherlands. In the EU Life project Clean Inland SHipping (in short CLINSH) measures for reducing pollution in the exhaust gases of ships are being tested under real operating conditions over a period of four years. The project brings together 17 partners from Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium and Great Britain.
Die Statistik des PKW-Bestandes gibt Auskunft über die Diversifizierung des Kraftstoff- und Antriebsmarktes. Am Stichtag 01.01.2017 befanden sich nach Angaben des Kraftfahrtbundesamtes insgesamt 9,8 Mio. Pkw in Nordrhein-Westfalen im Bestand (BRD: 45,8 Mio. Pkw). Der Anteil der Benzin-Pkw lag bei ca. 66 %, 32 % der Pkw hatten einen Dieselantrieb. Der Anteil an Pkw mit alternativen Kraftstoffen und Antrieben (Autogas, Erdgas, Hybrid, Elektro) betrug 2,1 Prozent (Vorjahr 2,1 %), darunter 153.959 Autogas-Pkw, 31.729-Hybrid-Pkw, 15.098 Erdgas-Pkw und 5.281 Elektro-Pkw.
The statistics for newly licensed cars reflect the growing importance of alternative vehicle fuels and drives. According to the motor vehicles licensing authority a total of 9.8 Mio cars were licensed on January 1st 2017 in North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany: 45.8 Mio.).
The proportion of petrol-powered cars was 66 per cent and 32 per cent of the new cars had a diesel engine. The proportion of cars with alternative fuels and drives in Germany was 2.1 per cent in 2017 (previous year also 2.1 per cent), and of these there were 31,729 hybrid cars, 5,281 electric cars, 153,959 vehicles with LPG engine (7 per cent) and 15,098 cars with CNG engine (2 per cent). For electric and hybrid vehicles North Rhine-Westphalia provides a charging infrastructure with 1,970 charging points (BDEW survey, at June 2017). Throughout Germany 10,878 charging points are registered. (www.energieagentur.nrw/mobilitaet/netzwerk-kraftstoffe)
Regional Network for Energy Efficiency in Companies: The "Regional Network for Energy Efficiency in Companies" ("Landesnetzwerk Energieeffizienz in Unternehmen") supports and funds the networking of companies in matters of energy efficiency and climate protection. It focuses on the exchange of experience and knowledge and the related learning processes on a regional level. In the company networks 8 to 15 companies set themselves joint and specific energy efficiency targets. In 2017 two internal network meetings and various co-operation events were held to firm up the collaboration between the Regional Network, the professional organisations (IHK, HWK) and the trade and industrial associations on the state level. The Regional Network acts as a regional co-ordinator for the nationwide "Initiative of Energy Efficiency Networks" in the establishment of company networks. A total of 31 energy efficiency networks now operate under the terms of the Initiative in NRW. In addition the Regional Network supports other corporate networks such as ÖkoProfit, GET.Min, etc.
Another project the Regional Network gave substantial support to in 2017 is the "Energy Scouts" project, a supplementary qualification for trainees as part of the "Initiative of Small and Medium-sized Companies for the Energy Turnaround and Climate Protection". More than 1,400 trainees from in excess of 400 companies have already been awarded this qualification. The service is provided on almost blanket-coverage basis in NRW via the relevant Chambers of Industry and Commerce.
The craft industries can obtain specific assistance from the Efficiency Advisory Network of the Crafts (EBH.NRW), which is organised by the Regional Network for Energy Efficiency in Companies jointly with the Efficiency Agency NRW. (www.energieagentur.nrw/energieeffizienz/landesnetzwerk-unternehmen)
Photovoltaics: The use of solar energy is a major pillar in the future energy mix and implementation of the energy turnaround (Energiewende). By November 2017 approximately 1.64 million solar power plants had been installed throughout Germany with a total capacity of 42,800 megawatt peak (MWp). With about 40 billion kWh of electricity generated by climate-friendly means this represented about 7 per cent of the electricity generated in Germany. It is calculated that this is sufficient to supply about 11 million households for one year with electrical energy. The approximately 250,000 plants installed in NRW had an output of about 4,700 MWp. As compared to the previous year (2017: 168.9 MWp total) the capacity added will rise slightly since at the end of November 2017 this had already been about 168.3 MWp.
NRW is therefore, in the national rankings, in third place behind Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg. The generation costs for roof-mounted solar power systems are between 10 and 16 cents per kilowatt hour and therefore now below the reference prices for domestic electricity. This means that the internal consumption of solar power is also attractive in economic terms at present. In the open field it has even been possible to produce for 4.5 to 8.5 cent per kilowatt hour. The remuneration for open field sites is determined by the invitation to tender by the Federal Network Agency (BNA) and for roof-mounted installations greater than 100 kWp direct marketing has been mandatory since the beginning of 2016.
The approximately 10,000 companies in the German photovoltaic industry now employ around 39,000 people. In 2012 this figure was 100,000.
Solar Inventory NRW: NRW’s new Energy Atlas appeared in November 2017 in a new version. As well as being a technical upgrade it has been given a new design and some new tools. In addition to the extensive information on all renewable energies, such as stocks, installed capacities and yields, information relevant to planning is provided in the form of maps. It is intended among other things to integrate an NRW-wide solar inventory in 2018. On the basis of insolation data and shadow analyses it is possible to conduct a yield calculation for each open area potentially suitable for solar energy. Furthermore it will be possible for each NRW house owner to find out by simply clicking on his roof surface whether and to what extent his roof is suitable for the use of solar energy (both photovoltaics and solar thermal energy). A solar calculator which has also been integrated calculates the economic efficiency of a possible solar installation on the basis of the form and incline of the roof and according to individual settings of electricity consumption, load profile, storage system etc. This can then serve as the basis for planning purposes.
The network "Photovoltaics NRW – Solar Power for North Rhine-Westphalia" organised by the EnergyAgency.NRW provides information on the funding conditions, projects, events and combination possibilities for photovoltaics. It presents PV suppliers from the region, offers tools such as an online PV calculator, and thus creates greater transparency for the interested citizen. (www.energieagentur.nrw/photovoltaik).
Solar thermal energy: In all, about more than 2.3 million solar thermal systems with a panel area of more than 20.6 million square metres and a thermal capacity of approximately 14 gigawatt had been installed in Germany by the end of 2017. (www.bsw-solar.de)
According to an analysis by the EnergyAgency.NRW of the funding figures of BAFA and progres.nrw a total of just under 1.5 million square meres panel area had been installed in NRW by the end of 2016, producing about 580 GWh of heat per year. The heat inventory in the EnergyAtlas.NRW provides an overview detailing data for individual municipalities and districts (www.energieatlas.nrw.de).
Environmental industry: North Rhine-Westphalia is the largest supplier in Germany of products and services in the environmental industry. Around 370,000 people are employed in this domain in NRW. The number of people employed here rose from 2010 to 2016 by 34,000. Gross value added grew by 3.4 per cent in the North Rhine-Westphalian environmental industry on average between 2010 and 2015 to reach a figure of 27.7 billion euros (2015). 35 per cent of the sales in the North Rhine-Westphalian environmental industry were accounted for by the two energy-oriented partial markets of, on the one hand, environmentally friendly energy conversion, transport and storage, and on the other energy efficiency (2015). North Rhine-Westphalia holds around 2 per cent of the world’s patents in the environmental economy and 19 per cent of all patents in Germany (2014). This makes North Rhine-Westphalia one of the places in Germany with the most patents. (www.energieagentur.nrw/klimaschutz/umweltwirtschaft)
Environmentally friendly mobility: The 2017 environmental economy report shows the field of "environmentally friendly mobility" to be the second largest partial market of the environmental industry with almost 82,000 people employed in it. It includes, among others, the market segments "environmentally friendly mobility and drive technologies", "environmentally friendly logistics and mobility services" and "infrastructure". This submarket is especially firmly rooted in the Ruhr metropolitan region, Cologne/Bonn and the "Bergisch Tri-city Area". (www.umwelt.nrw.de and www.energieagentur.nrw/mobilitaet)
Heat pumps: "The Sun Makes Power, The Pump Makes Heat" – that's the current campaign of the NRW Heat Pump Market Place. Heat pumps save heating costs and protect the environment by utilising renewable environmental heat to a major extent, and they can be combined with a photovoltaic installation. Environmental heat, such as groundwater, geothermal energy or heat from the outside air are supplied by "Mother Nature" absolutely free of charge and can be used anywhere. The fact that it is also possible to provide inexpensive cooling with a heat pump is a further positive argument for many people. This is why around 35 per cent of the new structures in NRW, as well as many existing buildings, are now heated using heat pumps. To convince members of the public in our state of the advantages of heat pumps, the NRW Heat Pump Market Place has joined forces with the Initiative Photovoltaics NRW to organise the campaign " The Sun Makes Power, The Pump Makes Heat" with radio advertising and an information tour through large shopping centres. In addition to producing brochures and information on funding opportunities, experts from EnergyAgency.NRW and partners are available on the spot. In 2017 around 78,000 new heat pumps were installed in Germany, 14,000 of them in NRW. Of the 800,000 heat pumps installed nationwide, more than 160,000 (approx. 20 per cent) provide environmentally friendly heat in NRW. (www.energieagentur.nrw/waermepumpen)
Hydropower: The use of hydropower to generate energy is able to make a worldwide contribution to the reduction of climatic problems. But it also supports the decentralised energy turnaround in the regions since, as a constantly available part of the energy mix, it provides an ideal complement to the combination of renewable energy sources and helps ensure grid stability. The potential of hydropower in NRW was determined in 2017 in the LANUV Hydropower Potential Study. An overall potential of 641 GWh/a was identified bearing in mind the requirements of the European water policy framework directive. Of this figure about 108 GWh/a has to date not been utilised. NRW ranks fourth among the German states in terms of hydropower generation. The office for hydropower at the EnergyAgency.NRW provides information and advice. Against the background of the European water policy framework directive, the state of North Rhine-Westphalia is endeavouring to expand hydropower in a way which does not harm the water ecology, and to do this by reactivating and optimising installations and by using hydroelectric technology on existing dam and infrastructural installations. The NRW state government has to date funded 182 plants with a total capacity of around 16 megawatt. The total assistance amounting to 8 million euros has attracted further investments of more than 35 million euros. Further information on hydropower can be retrieved in the specialist information system Energieatlas NRW (www.energieatlas.nrw.de). (www.energieagentur.nrw/wasserkraft)
Wind energy: 2017 was the year which boasted the highest gross addition of capacity since wind energy was first used in Germany. At the same time more electricity was generated from wind than from coal and nuclear energy. The increase in additional capacity and good wind conditions in 2017 were the key to this success. In Germany 1,792 wind turbines with a capacity of 5,334 megawatt (MW) were added. As a result throughout Germany 28,675 onshore wind turbines and 1,169 offshore wind turbines with a total capacity of 56,164 megawatt were feeding electricity into the German grid as at 31.12.2017. (Source: "Status Windenergieausbau an Land in Deutschland - Gesamtjahr 2017" and "Status des Offshore-Windenergieausbaus in Deutschland - Gesamtjahr 2017", Deutsche WindGuard)
Wind energy remains the driving force in the energy turnaround in North Rhine-Westphalia as well. In NRW a total of 3,630 wind turbines with an installed capacity of 5,449 MW were turning as at 31.12.2017. In terms of added capacity NRW - as an inland location - was again able to substantially strengthen its leading position with 870 MW extra capacity and newly installed wind turbines. This means that NRW is in second place among the German federal states after Lower Saxony.
And yet the balance sheet was a mixed one in the energy year of 2017. Wind turbines, biomass plants, solar plants and hydropower plants supplied 36.1 per cent of German electricity and hence 3.8 percentage points more than in 2016 - a stronger growth than ever before - but for the third time in succession the situation regarding greenhouse gas emissions stagnated. Accounting for 16.1 per cent of the German electricity mix, wind energy was still the record-holder among electricity-generating renewables in 2017. (Source: "Die Energiewende im Stromsektor: Stand der Dinge 2017. Rückblick auf die wesentlichen Entwicklungen sowie Ausblick auf 2018", Agora Energiewende.)
The introduction of the bidding procedure for wind energy on land in 2017 was a turning point. In all, bids for 368 MW were submitted to NRW; in the first bidding around 9 of the 64 bids received by NRW with a total of 97 MW, in the second round none of the bids and in the last round 17 of the 40 with an expansion volume of 271 MW won contracts. Only one of the total of 61 projects selected in the third round did not take advantage of the special arrangements for community energy companies. The average, quantity-weighed award value fell in 2017 from 6.58 ct/kWh in the first auction round to 5.66 ct/kWh and then to 4.91 ct/kWh in the last round.
Wind Energy Network NRW: The job of the Wind Energy Network is to promote the wind industry in NRW and to boost research, technological development and innovation. More than 2,000 players from along the entire value chain are involved in the work of the Network. With its public relations activities the Network substantially raises the profile of North Rhine-Westphalia as a wind supplies and wind research state and enhances the reception of wind energy. The Network places at the industry’s disposal, specifically with its wide variety of events, a platform on which specialists and experts can exchange views and gain information in relation to specific themes and solutions. At www.energieagentur.nrw/windenergie the Network gives comprehensive information on sector news, activities, projects and goals.
Further training, sensitisation and motivation: Within the framework of the "Power Efficiency" programme, the EnergyAgency.NRW offers different target groups a wide range of initial and further training events in various forms and various sensitisation and motivational concepts with a view to energy-aware behaviour. The project "KlimaKidz – Climate Change and Renewable Energy" for pupils in the 5th and 6th grades at secondary schools had involved around 1,860 participating school students from NRW; the newly developed teaching unit "KlimaTeens – Energy and Plastic in Everyday Life" with experiments for 7th to 9th grade students 2,100 young people. More than 1,028 participants attended the specialist seminars on a wide range of energy topics. "mission E", a programme of the EnergyAgency.NRW which has received a number of awards, is intended to motivate employees on a long term basis to behave in an energy-aware fashion. The programme reached about 283,507 people in 2017 (www.missionE.nrw).
Herr Dr. Joachim Frielingsdorf
Leiter Kommunikation und Pressesprecher / Leiter Wissensmanagement
Phone: 0202 2455219
Herr Uwe H. Burghardt
Kommunikation, Pressesprecher Innovationen und Netzwerke
Phone: 0211 8664213
You can contact the EnergyAgency.NRW additionally on weekdays between 8am and 6pm by calling our hotline on: +49 211 - 8371930