More energy is converted and used in North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) than in any other federal state. A wide range of energy-related expertise has grown out of its long tradition of exploiting natural resources. There is a tight network of research institutions in the region, along with a large number of companies who offer innovative energy products and services aimed at increasing energy efficiency and using renewable energies. NRW is the ideal location for many future-oriented companies - from the extraction of energy raw materials up to the end user of the energy. In the EnergyAgency.NRW, the region has an instrument with a wide variety of competencies at its disposal to continue developing its leading position and achieving its energy-related goals (climate protection, conservation of resources, cost-effectiveness and supply reliability). (www.energieagentur.nrw.de)
The EnergyAgency.NRW manages the energy economy clusters EnergyRegion.NRW (www.energieregion.nrw.de) and EnergyResearch.NRW "CEF.NRW" (www.cef.nrw.de). The EnergyAgency.NRW also offers energy-related advisory services in the form of initial and contracting consulting for companies and administrative bodies, as well as information and further training for specialists and private individuals. Training user behaviour is also part of the portfolio.
General subsidies: In the state's funding programme progres.nrw more than 91,000 individual projects have received assistance to the tune of more than 825 million euros from state and EU funds since the programme was set up. (www.progres.nrw.de).
Share in German power and primary energy consumption: In 2016 more than 32 per cent of the electricity consumption and just under 13 per cent of the total primary energy consumption in Germany was accounted for by renewable energy sources. (NRW: about 13 per cent of power consumption accounted for by renewables in 2015 and in 2014 around 4 per cent primary energy consumption accounted for by renewables). Wind energy ranks in first place when it comes to power generation from renewables, accounting for more than 12 per cent of the gross power generation in Germany. It is followed by biomass with around 8 per cent, photovoltaics with about 6 per cent and hydropower with 3 per cent. This means that renewables are again the most important energy generator nationwide. Then come brown coal with 23 per cent, hard coal with 17 per cent and nuclear energy with 13 per cent, as well as natural gas with 12 per cent.
In the area of primary energy consumption in Germany in 2016, oil accounts for 34 %, natural gas approximately 23 %, renewables 12.6 %, hard coal 12.2 %, brown coal 11.4 % and nuclear energy 6.9 %. (www.ag-energiebilanzen.de; www.bmwi.de; www.erneuerbare-energien.de)
Jobs: According to the figures of the Federal Ministry of Economics and Energy, nationwide in 2016 economic impetus to the tune of about 15 billion euros was achieved from the operation of renewable energy plants. About 15 billion euros were invested, safeguarding approximately 355,000 jobs (of which around 214,000 were accounted for by investments and exports, 69,000 by operation and maintenance and 65,000 by the provision of fuels including vehicle fuels. About 8,000 jobs are assigned in the ministry statistics to publicly funded research and administration). According to the IWR, there were about 26,000 people employed in 3,600 companies in the plant and system engineering for renewable energy technologies in 2013. They achieved total sales of around 6.6 billion euros. With the other jobs in the maintenance and operation of renewables this federal state accounts for more than 50,000 jobs according to an Environment Ministry study of 2013. (www.iwr.de; www.energiestatistik-nrw.de; www.umwelt.nrw.de; www.bmwi.de; www.bmu.de)
Foreign trade: Renewable and efficient energy technologies from North Rhine-Westphalia have excellent opportunities on the world markets. That is why the cross-section domain International Relations and Foreign Trade of the EnergyAgency.NRW supports the internationalisation of, specifically, small and medium-sized enterprises (SEMs) in the energy field. The Network’s aim is to increase the growth and productivity of North Rhine-Westphalian SMEs and to enhance their participation in world trade, to network product ranges, solutions and companies, and to provide specialist information from the markets. It collaborates with many national and international network partners from industry, finance, research and politics. The Network encompasses more than 2,000 contacts at home and abroad.
Alongside organising specialist events and procuring contacts, it offers regular business trips and trade fair participations. In addition the EnergyAgency.NRW is host every year to about 30 international delegations, the aim being to discuss current energy matters and to present innovative beacon projects from the region (www.energieagentur.nrw/international)
Mining economy: The "Mining Economy – Smart Mining Global" Network organised by EnergyAgency:NRW since 2015 is, with its more than 650 members, focused on the mining supply industry and safeguarding mineral resources. It is sponsored by the North Rhine-Westphalian Economics Ministry and it gives strong backing to NRW companies when opening up new fields of business and international markets. In addition its objective is to promote market-friendly technologies and to help open up other market segments from an impartial position. As well as conducting successful international operations, the Network has launched the first working group on the subject of "Processes and Alliances". It has also integrated the existing working group on "Mine Gas" in the Mining Economy Network. Other important topics are initial and continuous training, occupational safety and health, environmental protection and follow-up mining. The Network co-operates closely with associations and institutions, such as the VDMA, Mining, Fachvereinigung Auslandsbergbau, The German Mineral Resources Agency and the German international chambers of commerce. Furthermore there is a steady exchange with the universities such as RWTH Aachen University and TH Georg Agricola Bochum. (www.energieagentur.nrw/bergbau)
Biomass: Initially as a substance source biomass is crucially important in terms of cascade utilization. At the same time it acts as a source of energy which can used to provide electricity, heat and vehicle fuel, thus making it a highly versatile asset in the energy industry. In the field of agricultural biogas installations there were approximately 623 facilities in service in North Rhine-Westphalia with an installed electrical capacity of approximately 295 MW in the middle of 2016. In the different value chains of solid, liquid and gaseous biomass, innovative projects for the more efficient utilisation of raw materials and by-products from agricultural, forestry and waste management sources are emerging in NRW. These are being initiated, moderated and accompanied by the EnergyAgency.NRW. About 1,500 of those operating in the sector participate in the Biomass Network. The Network's homepage and the new Bioenergy Atlas.NRW give comprehensive information on the technologies, contacts and projects in the biomass sector. (www.energieagentur.nrw/bioenergie)
Fuel cells and hydrogen: The "Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Network NRW" operates in NRW to support the development of the highly efficient fuel cell technology and the incorporation of hydrogen as a storage media for fluctuating renewable energy sources in the context of the energy turnaround (Energiewende). Up to the end of 2016 the Network provided accompanying support for the initiation of around 125 fuel cell and hydrogen projects in North Rhine-Westphalia. For this purpose the state of NRW and the European Union (European Regional Development Fund – ERDF) made available about 140 million euros, with total investments of more than 220 million euros. Further funds are available in 2017 in the NRW key market and climate protection competitions. In addition other projects in NRW were supported with federal funds through the National Innovation Programme (NIP) and the Energy Storage Funding Initiative, as well as through the European FCH JU programme in the context of Horizon 2020. The aim of the project is to reduce the specific costs, to build up a corresponding hydrogen infrastructure and hence to deliberately speed up the market launch of this technology. At the same time demonstration projects which involve users are being funded more extensively. For example, a further six hydrogen filling stations are being added to the existing ones in NRW and the car and bus fleets are being expanded. It is possible to support investments in a CHP (combined heat and power) system in NRW with attractive terms. More than 450 mostly medium-sized companies and research institutes have joined together in the "Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Network NRW". With the Centre for Fuel Cell Technology (ZBT) in Duisburg and the Research Center Jülich (FZJ) the state of NRW also has research and development institutes which enjoy worldwide recognition and respect. (www.energieagentur.nrw/brennstoffzelle)
Energy refurbishment of buildings: Energy-efficient buildings are the future. From the beginning of 2006 to October 2016 about 130,000 loan applications with a volume of about 8.5 billion euros were approved across the region by the reconstruction bank Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW) to finance the energy refurbishment of buildings. Just under 430,000 housing units were thus modernised in NRW. In the same period more than 125,000 applications were submitted for a grant for the energy refurbishment of buildings involving a financial volume of 180 million euros. In about 280,000 housing units in NRW it was thus possible to implement energy-related refurbishment measures. (www.energieagentur.nrw/modernisierung)
ALTBAUNEU is a joint initiative of municipalities and administrative districts in North Rhine-Westphalia. It supports the participating district bodies in providing advice to their citizens and building owners concerning the appropriate implementation of energy refurbishment measures for buildings. Those involved in the ALTBAUNEU project include 7 administrative districts and 14 independent towns and municipalities. These represent more than 40 per cent of the population of North Rhine-Westphalia. The initiative is co-ordinated centrally by the EnergyAgency.NRW, supported by the NRW Consumer Protection Centre and the crafts in NRW and is implemented locally in the participating regional authorities. (www.alt-bau-neu.de)
Energy savers NRW: From 2006 to 2016, "Energy Saver NRW" 2,187 plaques were awarded to 1,466 buildings across the region. The NRW Climate Protection Ministry awards the plaque to buildings which are exemplary in their low energy consumption or their use of renewable energy.
Energy advisory services: In 2016 the engineers of the EnergyAgency.NRW conducted more than 350 consultations for companies and more than 230 for municipalities across the region. There were more than 7,000 visitors to the NRW mobile energy advice centre over 74 days. 112 municipalities or districts in NRW participate in the "European Energy Award" energy management programme, while 313 municipalities use the CO2 footprint tool.
In addition 309 building checks and 534 solar checks were performed by skilled craft workers and detailed energy saving advice was offered by engineers and architects in homes housing one or two families in 51 cases. On average, an energy building check triggered 7,500 euros and a solar check 5,700 euros of investment; in other words, these instruments alone were the initiator for investments of more than 5.5 million euros in the area of energy-related building modernisation in 2016. Since these initiatives were started, investments of more than 438 million euros have been triggered by about 65,000 checks. (www.energieagentur.nrw/foerderung)
Energy information: The quarterly magazine "Innovation & Energy" has more than 24,000 subscribers, and the English edition has a circulation of more than 2,000.
The email newsletter is sent to almost 16,000 subscribers every 14 days, and on a weekly basis where a lot is happening. In addition there are special editions of the newsletter on particular topics. The internet site family under www.energieagentur.nrw is one of the most frequently visited sites in the energy domain. In 2016 alone the EnergyAgency.NRW registered at www.energieagentur.de more than 2.56 million website call-ups and more than 655,000 visitors.
The EnergyAgency's online media also include 21 online tools. With more than 179,000 visits in 2016 the calculators are among the most popular online services of the EnergyAgency.NRW. The most frequently used were Powercheck [STROM.check] with almost 147,000 visits and the PV.Calculator [PV.Rechner] with almost 13,000 visits. The online tools of the EnergyAgency also appear on partners' websites.
From the EnergyAgency.NRW website nearly 250,000 brochures were downloaded as pdf files and 62,500 printed brochures were ordered by post. A total of 235 different publications are available at the present time.
Via the Twitter account @EANRW the EnergyAgency.NRW sends a number of tweets daily on the subject to around 6,575 followers. The Twitter account Heat Pumps NRW (@WP_NRW) has to date had 680 followers with 1.000 tweets. In all more than 600 new followers were added in 2016. These include long-range multipliers who often pass on the EnergyAgency.NRW tweets (retweets). The EnergyAgency.NRW is also present on Facebook with its own company page and it maintains the account "Climate protection - made in NRW - made in NRW" plus the energy project "Dreamhouse", which can be found on Instagram. In addition the EnergyAgency.NRW operates the accounts "EnergieJobs.NRW" and "FUELCELLBOX NRW".
The EnergyAgency.NRW is also represented on XING with its own profile and it uses the events domain to publicise events it is involved in
The EA.TV films on the EnergyAgency.NRW YouTube channel registered more than 220,000 viewings in 2016. 13 new videos were produced and a total of 140 films provide information on renewable energy sources, energy efficiency and climate protection in NRW. The films are also used by content partners such as the Telekom portal zuhause.de. There the films were viewed almost 150,000 times in 2016. (www.energieagentur.nrw)
EnergyDialogue.NRW offers a range of instruments to provide information, advice and procurement in the planning and implementation of projects for the use of renewables. This includes specialist consultations, talks, acting as presenter at experts' and public events and procurement services. With the EnergyDialogue.NRW Blog, where current contributions in everything to do with renewable energy sources are published, EnergyDialogue.NRW received more than 100,000 user enquiries in 2016. WindDialogue.NRW was expanded further as an online participation facility. It is already actively used by six municipalities for their wind energy planning. In 2016 more than 60 intensive project consultations were conducted, focusing on municipalities and administrative districts, but also for other social players such as community groups. In addition 14 expert talks were given before various institutions and 10 informative events were successively moderated. In addition around 300 brief consultations and other enquiries were handled. The majority of the enquiries relate to wind energy, followed by photovoltaics and bioenergy. The consultations were centred primarily on the identification of wind concentration zones, questions of wildlife and habitat preservation and the acceptance of wind energy projects. Publications in the EA.Paper series covered the topics "The EEG (Renewable Energy Act) 2017: the most important changes" and numerous expert papers on topics such as "Wind Turbines in Water Protection Areas", "DWD: Wind Turbines Interfere with Weather Radar" or "Wind Turbines and Fire Hazards". In addition citizen dialogues and experts' events were carried out. Examples that can mentioned here are the "Fact Check: Wind Energy and Property Prices" on 30 November 2016 in Bielefeld and the municipal workshop of the EnergyDialogue.NRW as part of the 8th Wind Energy Industry Day on 15 June 2016 in Düsseldorf. With the "Municipal Exchange of Ideas on Wind Energy" and the "Local Wind Fair" two new advisory and informative formats have been developed and introduced as pilot schemes in the Ruhreifel, Sauerland and Lower Rhine regions. (www.energieagentur.nrw/energiedialog)
Energy-efficient construction: Energy-efficient construction: The "50 Solar Estates in NRW" show on the estate level the possibilities for active and passive solar energy use to generate heat and electricity and thus support the widespread introduction of solar and energy-saving construction. There are now 50 new estates and estates in existing stock which are finished, incorporating more than 4,300 housing units. This means that NRW is the European leader in solar housing; about 11,000 Inhabitants of North Rhine-Westphalia live in solar housing estates. (www.energieagentur.nrw/solarsiedlungen)
The project "100 Climate Protection Estates in NRW" was developed as a follow-up project to 50 Solar Estates in NRW and it is intended to consistently reduce heat-related CO2 emissions further in housing estates. To ensure this in new housing and refurbishment projects it is possible to use all technologies capable of cutting CO2. Specific requirements and parameters are given in the planning guidelines. 25 estates have been finished, 26 are currently under construction and a further 22 are planned. (www.energieagentur.nrw/klimaschutzsiedlungen)
Energy research: In terms of energy research North Rhine-Westphalia is ahead of the field - even in relation to the other federal states. At more than 30 renowned universities, at around 20 leading non-university research institutes and in the research department of numerous companies, work is in progress in North Rhine-Westphalia on the central concerns of energy and climate. But the complexity of the challenges in the energy turnaround and climate protection makes it necessary to combine the competencies available. This is where the work of the cluster EnergyResearch.NRW (CEF.NRW) comes in, funded as it is by the North Rhine-Westphalian Economic Affairs Ministry.
The cluster networks players in the energy research domain over the entire value chain. It aims to ensure that new technological and socio-economic knowledge is applied more speedily than hitherto. For this purpose the cluster initiates research and development projects as part of a collaborative effort between research institutions, industry and civil society. In addition CEF.NRW acts as a link between the energy-related activities on the part of the EU and the federal government as well as to social initiatives.
CEF.NRW is managed by EnergyAgency.NRW and is the contact body for all matters related to energy research in North Rhine-Westphalia. (www.cef.nrw.de)
Energy economy: The Network "Energy Economy – Smart Energy", founded in 2015, brings together the competencies available in NRW in research, development and production with a view to the energy market of the future. It is organised by the EnergyAgency.NRW and is funded by the NRW Economic Affairs ministry. The Network's thematic orientation focuses on digitisation of the energy economy. The approximately 650 members of the Network include North Rhine-Westphalian public utilities and energy suppliers, as well as energy-intensive industrial facilities. In this connection the Network has already established the working groups "Future Fields for Public Utilities and Energy Supply Companies" and "Flexibilisation for Industry". In order to enhance the business opportunities for North Rhine-Westphalian companies in the field of energy supply and use internationally as well, the Network organises targeted events at home and abroad. (www.energieagentur.nrw/energiewirtschaft)
Financing and business models: The Financing and Business Models Division of EnergyAgency.NRW is concerned with the development and propagation of assistance and financing opportunities as well as business models for projects involving renewable energy sources and energy efficiency services in NRW. This area of work encompasses the fields of contracting and community energy facilities, in other words financial community involvement. In 2016, about 115 intensive project consultations and talks were given. In addition about 80 enquiries involving brief consultations were answered definitively. The enquiries focused largely on the subjects of contracting for street lighting, energy efficiency markets, marketing of electricity from combined power and heat plants and plants using renewables, and new business models for community energy companies. To aid the networking of community energy players the "Community Energy & Energy Co-operatives Platform" was launched at the beginning of the year.
Since February 2016 a new online tool Das Online-Tool "Handbuch.Finanzierung" ("Funding Manual") has highlighted alternative options available for municipal authorities and companies to fund their climate protection projects.(www.energieagentur.nrw/finanzierung)
Geothermal energy: Among the energy technologies, the importance of geothermal energy is steadily growing. NRW, and more specifically the Ruhr Metropolis, plays a key role here as the base for numerous companies who are market leaders. Within the Ruhr Metropolis alone about 230 companies operate in the geothermal market providing 4000 to 5000 jobs. With warm mine water sources in abandoned mines, NRW has a significant potential for building heating, a potential which is still to be tapped. Initial projects have already been implemented in Essen, Marl and at the Robert Müser mine. To systematically exploit the potential for mine water the state of NRW commissioned a study on "warm mine water". More than half the heat requirement in NRW can be covered by utilising near-surface geothermal heat. This is shown by the "Potential Study for Renewable Energies NRW – Part 4 – Geothermal Energy" ("Potenzialstudie Erneuerbare Energien NRW - Teil 4 - Geothermie"). According to calculations by the State Environmental Agency( LANUV), who compiled the state-wide potential study, the potential for the use of near-surface geothermal heat in NRW is just under 154 terawatt hours per year (TWh/a). This could cover about 57 per cent of the annual heat requirement arising. The study highlights the fact that the climate-friendly utilisation of geothermal energy in North Rhine-Westphalia has not yet been exhausted and that NRW enjoys excellent conditions when it comes to exploiting near-surface geothermal energy.
Through the North Rhine-Westphalian geothermal energy portal it is possible to gain fast and comprehensive access to information for the planning of ground-coupled heat pump systems. For this purpose the geological and hydrogeological conditions were evaluated for each location in North Rhine-Westphalia with a view to the use of geothermal heat. This applies both with respect to near-surface geothermal collectors and to geothermal probes down to a depth of 100 metres. In addition to the efficiency of the two systems, the online portal gives information on hydrogeologically critical areas where special attention must be paid to the practical drilling operations and the sustainable operation of the equipment in order to protect the groundwater. There is a "professional access" to the geothermal energy portal which enables specialists such as drilling companies, architects and planners to access more than 30,000 boring logs. In the new digital information system it is possible to retrieve, among other things, the "Map of site suitability of soils for the use of horizontal geothermal collectors", the "Geothermal map for geothermal probes NRW" and the map "Site assessment for the installation and operation of geothermal probes in terms of hydrogeology". (www.geothermie.nrw.de)
To promote deep geothermal projects the state of NRW has commissioned the Geological Service NRW to evaluate geological, hydrogeological and geophysical base data with a view to geothermal use. There already exists a geothermal-geological model to a depth of 5,000 metres for the whole of the Ruhr Region as well as assessment charts for deep geothermal probes, thermal sub-surface and enhanced geothermal systems (EGS). (www.energieagentur.nrw/geothermie and www.gd.nrw.de)
This base data was used in new studies. These concentrate on two fields: a) conventional hydrothermal reservoirs in fissured sedimentary reservoir rocks and b) medium-depth reservoirs as seasonal heat stores in the cavity structures of hard coal mining.
Information on the effect of the drilling project due to potential mining hazards can be obtained from the Arnsberg District Administration.
Mine gas: The "NRW Mine Gas Initiative" is continuing to develop the technology of mine gas extraction and utilisation and is intensifying the technology transfer. In NRW there were, according to provisional figures, 86 mining authorisations for mine gas utilisation in 2016. At the end of 2016 the provisional figures indicate that there were 107 CHP plant modules as well as a turbine set in service with an electrical output totalling 167 megawatt. The 756 million kWh of power generated in 2016 alone is capable of supplying about 168,000 households. The total mine gas potential exploited resulted in a CO2 reduction of approximately 3.5 million tonnes in 2016. (www.wirtschaft.nrw.de)
Wood pellets: By means of targeted public relations, and with the help of state and federal funds, the number of wood pellet heating systems in use in NRW has risen substantially over the past few years. Whereas in 2003 only 644 funded systems had been installed, more than 30,000 households in NRW are now being supplied with this climate-friendly heat. Nationwide, more than 259,000 funded wood pellet systems up to a capacity of 100 kW are installed. (www.aktion-holzpellets.de)
KlimaKonzept.NRW: Since May 2014 the KlimaKonzept.NRW project has been accompanying institutions of the state of NRW in the development of their own climate strategy as demanded by § 5 of the German Climate Protection Act. The more than 80 institutions approached in the state include, in addition to the state broadcasting body (WDR), the university hospitals, the student welfare organisations and numerous foundations. Taking as a basis the estimation of the state’s own CO2 emissions in the sectors of electricity, heat and mobility, practical approaches to improving the state’s own carbon footprint are being developed. EnergyAgency.NRW has been assigned to accompany and coordinate the project. It provides information on the project and helps with the input, evaluation and interpretation of data. In spite of the fact that the data taken is somewhat unclear, it has been possible to compile a CO2 savings estimate for the past year. According to this the savings of CO2 are around 0.4 % per year and hence represent a major contribution towards a climate-neutral state administration in 2030. (www.klimakonzept.nrw.de)
Klima.Netzwerker.NRW: The Klima.Netzwerker.NRW are experts of climate protection which operate in the five administrative districts of North Rhine-Westphalia and at the regional association Regionalverband Ruhr since 2012. Their aim is to help advance the energy turnaround (Energiewende) locally and to network and support municipalities, companies, members of the general public and other players in climate protection. Since 2016 a climate change adaptation networker has been added to this team of regional contacts.
The Klima.Netzwerker.NRW act as a “hinge” between the regions and the state level, they launch climate protection projects and they publicise them across the state. Another major element of the work is to create a broad awareness of the NRW Climate Protection Plan and to recruit supporters for the measures it contains.
In their daily work they can call on the portfolio and expertise of the EnergyAgency.NRW. The Klima.Netzwerker.NRW bring their own very special influence to bear on the organisation of events and initiation of projects.
In 2016 more than 100 events were organised together with partners in the regions. Through regionally structured networks a major portion of the 396 municipalities in NRW can be reached. In addition the Klima.Netzwerker.NRW are active far and wide, and through their informative and advisory consultations they reach target groups directly on the spot.
Twitter is used to give news about current projects and to supply information promptly to the network. (www.energieagentur.nrw/klimaschutz/klimanetzwerker)
Climate Profit Centre NRW: In order to persuade the North Rhine-Westphalian companies to make investments in C02-reduction strategies, to improve their exchange of ideas and to procure for them local expert contact partners the EnergyAgency.NRW has been operating the "Climate Profit Centre NRW" for SMEs in NRW since June 2016. Via the web platform and hotline such companies who have previously had nothing to do with the subject of energy efficiency are given advice in their region. Furthermore the Climate Profit Centre NRW provides contact with more than 50 energy efficiency networks in the state. (www.energieagentur.nrw/kpc)
Competence Centre for System Transformation and Energy Infrastructure (KST): The increase of decentralised and renewables-based energy generation also involves a fundamental restructuring of the energy supply system. This concerns not only the important sector of electricity supply, but also the supply of gas and heat and mobility. In future these sectors will have to be considered together (sector coupling) with respect to the systemic and infrastructural challenges for a future-proof energy supply and mobility system. The new Competence Centre established in 2015 brings together the necessary expertise under the umbrella of the EnergyAgency.NRW. The core of the Competence Centre is the network "Networks and Storage Systems" covering the subject areas of transmission and distribution networks, network stability and supply reliability, storage and flexibilisation strategies, and virtual power plants. This network alone has more than 790 members. In addition the expertise of all the relevant networks of the EnergyAgency.NRW is incorporated. The major subject areas and competencies are therefore directly interlinked within the EnergyAgency.NRW. By means of a close networking of companies, energy suppliers, energy service providers and scientific institutions with the political bodies a targeted know-how transfer is generated. Small and medium-sized enterprises in particular are targeted by the Competence Centre. Acting as a "catalyst" the Competence Centre for System Transformation and Energy Infrastructure performs a key function in the initiation of and expert support for innovative themes and projects in the field of transformation of the energy supply system. (www.energieagentur.nrw/systemtransformation)
Power plant technologies: With an installed power plant capacity of approximately 32,350 MW (Power Plants List of the Bundesnetzagentur at 16.11.2016) NRW is the most important power plant location in Germany, if not in Europe. Here 28 per cent of the German power requirement is generated in coal-fired power plants and 23.5 per cent consumed. With the increasing share of electricity generation accounted for by renewables this power plant capacity is, however, only rarely completely on stream, which is why these power plant work substantially fewer operating hours than they a did a few years ago. Unprofitable power plant units are even occasionally shut down. According to the Bundesnetzagentur around 6,000 MW has been taken off stream since 2011. In addition power plants are increasingly compelled to fulfil the function of compensating for the fluctuating infeed of renewables into the grid; this demands a high degree of flexibility.
Because of the steadily increasing fluctuation in the infeed of renewables and the simultaneous decline in other forms of generation there are frequent grid bottlenecks which have to be eliminated by redispatching measures on the part of the relevant grid operator. The intervention frequency in hours thus rose from 1,588 in 2010 to 15,811 in 2015. In the first half of 2016, 1,622 hours more than in the reference period 2015 (2,860) had already been necessary.
In 2016 the world's most modern combined cycle power plant was commissioned in Düsseldorf with an efficiency level of more than 61 per cent. For the first time 300 MW of district heating can be taken from a single power plant unit with only one gas turbine, and this is fed into the district heating grid of the utility Stadtwerke Düsseldorf. With simultaneous power and heat generation the combined cycle plant can achieve an overall fuel utilisation of more than 85 per cent. In relation to the average emissions from electricity generation worldwide, it therefore saves annually emissions of around 700,000 t CO2. In Grevenbroich-Neurath the world's most modern brown-coal-fired units (BoA 2/3 of RWE) are in service. Of the investment volume of approximately 2.3 billion euros for the construction of the power plant, about 50 per cent has remained in the region, which is a major contribution to local value creation. Following the "Reference Power Plant NRW" concept, the power plant unit 10 of the Walsum power plant belonging to STEAG GmbH was erected and, with an efficiency rates of up to 46 per cent, it is one of most efficient hard-coal-fired power plants in the world.. This means that it is possible to save 138 g CO2 per kWh as compared with the present average efficiency of 38 per cent. If all power plants in the world were constructed to this standard, the CO2 emissions would be cut by approximately 30 per cent.
Major synergy effects are being obtained for the industry with the transfer of expertise to solar thermal tower power plants. There roughly 70 per cent conventional boiler technology is used in the power unit. In the German Aerospace Centre in Jülich innovations in this technology are being developed and tried out on a solar thermal trial and demonstration power plant. (www.energieagentur.nrw/kraftwerkstechnik)
Combined heat and power generation: Combined heat and power (CHP) is a classic sector coupling technology which couples the generation of electricity and heat extremely efficiently and hence helps render these two sectors more flexible. Although CHP is already used in many areas, it still has a large and as yet unexhausted potential. Industrial CHP in particular has attained relatively high fuel utilisation ratings and use hours.
The state government of North Rhine-Westphalia therefore intends to increase the proportion of power generation accounted for by CHP as a central bridging technology to more than 25 per cent by 2020. The aim is to eliminate investment obstacles to the expansion of CHP and to expand and condense the economically exploitable district heating infrastructure. Initially the state of NRW has given instructions for a study to highlight the economically feasible potentials of CHP in NRW. On this basis a feasibility study is currently being drawn up in which the prospects for district heating supply in the Ruhr Region up to 2050 are being examined more closely. On the basis of the results of this study the Rhine-Ruhr District Heating Network (FWSRR) is being created. It will then be the largest district heating network in the EU. As from 2017 the existing district heating networks of Lower Rhine and Ruhr will be linked step by step. By connecting them in this way the FWSRR is making a major contribution towards achieving the CO2 and CHP targets for the state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
In addition, since 15.11.2014 a new assistance regulation has been in force within the framework of the CHP impulse programme of the state of NRW aimed at constructing and expanding energy-efficient district heating and district cooling networks, including the related distribution and transport facilities for district heating and cooling. A further module is the EU heat infrastructure loan from NRW.BANK, through which attractive long-term loans with up to five repayment-free years are granted for investments in energy-efficient district heating and district cooling networks.
In various projects in NRW research is continuing into CHP technology and its possible practical applications. In October 2012 the competition "CHP Model Municipalities NRW" was announced and 51 municipalities have participated with their CHP expansion concepts. Six of these concepts were selected by a jury of experts as "CHP Model Municipalities": Bad Laasphe, Iserlohn, Krefeld, Ostbevern/Telgte, Saerbeck and the project group consisting of the towns of Remscheid, Solingen and Wuppertal. Thanks to their model character they will all act as multipliers and thus be of special assistance to the state in the implementation of their respective concepts. The projects from these model CHP municipalities are currently being implemented. In 2016 a total of 5 projects received funding amounting to a total of approximately 1.38 million euros in the model municipalities of Ostbevern/Telgte (2) and Solingen (3). They achieved CO2savings of more than 2,400 t/a. The total investment was around 3.74 million euros. The municipalities are being given accompanying support here by the CHP Model Municipalities NRW Coordinating Office (Leitstelle KWK-Modellkommunen NRW) which is serviced by the EnergyAgency.NRW.
The EnergyAgency.NRW is acting on behalf of the state government in supporting the expansion endeavours with the campaign "CHP.NRW – Power Meets Heats" [KWK.NRW – Strom trifft Wärme]. The aim of this campaign is to publicise the technology and win support for its expansion. Under the umbrella of "CHP.NRW – Power Meets Heat" a strong federation (132 partners) exists consisting of companies and research institutions, associations and interest representatives in order to combine the activities in the field of combined heat and power generation in NRW and to intensify them. The campaign has involved an online market guide to help interested parties gain access to the energy-efficient principle of CHP. (www.kwk-für-nrw.de)
Fuels and drives: North Rhine-Westphalia is not only a significant energy region but also a major region for fuels. Domestic refineries produce about 25% of the crude oil consumed in Germany. The number of licensed vehicles on the road in NRW exceeds 11 million – and the trend is upward. The oil consumed annually by road vehicles in NRW is around 9 million tonnes. This is the equivalent of 20 per cent of national sales in Germany. Possibilities for lowering CO2 emissions and protecting the climate include increasing the energy efficiency and using alternative fuels and drives with renewables.
The biodiesel producers in, among others, Lünen, Neuss and Südlohn belong to Germany's major producers. Biodiesel consumption is largely accounted for by adding a maximum of 7 % biodiesel to mineral diesel and it amounted to 2.15 million tonnes (source: VDB) in Germany. Petrol contains up to 10 % bioethanol. Bioethanol production in 2014 in Germany amounted to 0.74 million tonnes. (Source BDBe). North Rhine-Westphalia NRW has an excellent filling station infrastructure for natural gas (CNG) and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). In the development of synthetic biofuels NRW plays a major role. For example, promising research and development projects have been launched in NRW. This also concerns the field of "Power-to-Fuel". The aim is to store and utilize surplus renewable energy in fuels with high energy density.
With the active involvement of North Rhine-Westphalian companies efforts are also underway to launch liquefied natural gas (LNG) onto the market as an alternative fuel for heavy goods vehicles and inland shipping. LNG can, as bio-LNG, be provided with a biogenic components as admixture. In the autumn of 2016 two European projects were launched in this connection. The INTERREG project "LNG PILOTS" is forging ahead with the development of innovative solutions for setting up a filling station infrastructure. This consortium encompasses 36 partners from North Rhine-Westphalia, Lower Saxony and the Netherlands. In the EU LIFE Project Clean Inland Shipping (CLINSH) measures are being conducted under realistic conditions over a period of four years to establish their suitability for reducing pollution form exhaust gases of ships. 17 partners from Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium and Great Britain are working together in the project.
According to the federal vehicle licensing authority a total of 673, 000 new cars were licensed in 2016. The proportion of petrol-engine cars was 53.2 per cent (previous year: 51.2 per cent), and 44.8 per cent of new cars had diesel engines (previous year 46.6 per cent). The proportion of new vehicles powered by alternative fuels and drives in 2016 in North Rhine-Westphalia was 2.0 per cent (previous year 1.89 per cent), of which 9,966 were new hybrid cars (74 per cent), 1,814 electric cars (14 per cent), 1,142 vehicles with LPG (9 per cent) and 503 cars with CNG drive (4 per cent). Nationwide around 178,000 hybrid vehicles and 37,000 electric vehicles had been licensed by the end of 2016.
For electric and hybrid vehicles North Rhine-Westphalia offers a need-based charging infrastructure with 1,355 charging points (BDEW survey at Sept. 2016). 6,517 charging points were registered throughout Germany. A portion of the electric vehicles, including plug-in hybrids, are in use in the Model Region Electromobility Rhine-Ruhr. In these projects, which are funded by the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure, approximately 550 vehicles (including cars, commercial vehicles, heavy trucks, hybrid buses and electric scooters) are on the road.
Of the projects approved by the BMVI in 2016, 22 from NRW (approx. 20 per cent) are being funded with a total of 139 electric vehicles and 79 charging infrastructure units. In 2017 eight further projects from NRW have been given notice of funding by the BMVI, and more are expected in the course of the year. When it comes to the number of funded projects NRW occupies a leading position. (www.energieagentur.nrw/mobilitaet/netzwerk-kraftstoffe)
Regional network for energy efficiency in companies: The "Regional Network for Energy Efficiency in Companies" ["Landesnetzwerk Energieeffizienz in Unternehmen"] is intended to promote the networking of companies in matters of energy efficiency and climate protection. Its central concern is an exchange of experience and knowledge and the related learning processes on a regional level. In 2016 it was possible in this context to deepen the collaboration with the professional organisations such as the Chamber of Industry and Commerce and the Chamber of Crafts and Trades and the specialist and sectoral associations on a regional level(20) at two Network meetings. In addition the Regional Network supports the nationwide "Energy Efficiency Networks Initiative" and acts as the regional co-ordinator. A total of 22 energy efficiency networks are now working to further the aims of the Initiative in NRW; they have committed themselves to specific savings targets. Other projects in which the Regional Network played a major part in 2016 included: EnergieScouts (additional qualifications for trainees, together with the "Initiative of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises on the Energy Turnaround and Climate Protection"), at seven Chambers of Crafts and Trades in NRW and the Efficiency Advisory Network for Crafts (EBH.NRW as a dual effort, and with the Crafts Offensive for Energy Efficiency NRW). (www.energieagentur.nrw/energieeffizienz/landesnetzwerk-unternehmen)
Photovoltaics: The use of solar energy is a major pillar in the future energy mix and for implementation of the Energiewende (energy turnaround). By November 2016 approximately 1.58 million solar power plants had been installed throughout Germany with a total capacity of 40,800 megawatt peak (MWp). With 38 billion kWh electricity generated by climate-friendly means this represented about 6 per cent of the electricity generated in Germany. This quantity is sufficient mathematically to supply about 10.5 million households for one year with electrical energy. The approximately 238,000 plants installed in NRW had an output of about 4,400 MWp. Compared to the previous year (2015: 138 MWp total) the added capacity will remain at least the same or rise slightly since it already amounted to about 128 Mwp at the end of November 2016.
In the national rankings, NRW is therefore in third place behind Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg. The generation costs for roof-mounted solar power systems are between 10 and 16 cents per kilowatt hour and therefore now below the reference prices for domestic electricity. This means that the private consumption of solar-generated electricity is also attractive financially at the present time. In the open field it has even been possible to produce for 7 to 9 cent per kilowatt hour. The remuneration for open field sites is determined by the invitation to tender by the Bundesnetzagentur (BNA) and for roof-mounted installations greater than 100 kWp direct marketing has been mandatory since the beginning of 2016.
The approximately 10,000 companies in the German photovoltaic industry now employ around 39,000 people. In 2012 this figure was still more than 100,000.
The network "Photovoltaics NRW – Solar Power for North Rhine-Westphalia" organised by the EnergyAgency.NRW provides information on the funding conditions, projects, events and possible combinations for photovoltaics. It presents PV suppliers from the region, offers tools such as an online PV calculator, and so creates greater transparency for the interested citizen. (www.energieagentur.nrw/photovoltaik).
Solar thermal energy: In all, about 2.2 million solar thermal systems with a panel area of more than 190 million square metres and a thermal capacity of approximately 14 gigawatt had been installed in Germany by the end of 2016. (www.bsw-solar.de)
Environmental industry: With approximately 346,000 employed persons North Rhine-Westphalia is the largest supplier of products and services in the environmental industry. The number of employed persons rose in the period from 2012 to 2015 by 8.5 per cent. The gross value added was 25.8 billion euros and showed in the same period an increase of 10.1 percentage points, which is clearly in excess of the growth for the whole of North Rhine-Westphalian industry of 3.4 percentage points. With a combined total of approximately 100,000 employed people the two energy-oriented partial markets of the environmental industry "environmentally friendly energy conversion, transport and storage" and "energy efficiency and energy saving" today already account for a significant proportion of the workforce in the environmental industry.
With exports of 8.7 billion euros in 2014 this domain enjoys a high status within the environmental industry. This is equivalent to a rise of 2.5 per cent between 2012 and 2014. The development is comparatively positive in relation to industry as a whole in NRW, which suffered a decline in exports of 0.6 per cent in the same period. (www.energieagentur.nrw/klimaschutz/umweltwirtschaft)
Environmentally friendly mobility: An advance evaluation for the environmental industry report for 2017 to appear in the autumn shows "environmentally friendly mobility" to be the second largest partial market of the environmental industry with a workforce of about 82,000. It includes, among others, the market segments "environmentally friendly mobility and drive technologies", "environmentally friendly logistics and mobility services" and "infrastructure".. This partial market is especially firmly rooted in the Ruhr metropolitan region, Cologne/Bonn and the "Bergisch Tri-city Area". (www.umweltwirtschaft.nrw.de and www.energieagentur.nrw/mobilitaet)
Heat pumps: "The Sun Makes Power, The Pump Makes Heat" – that's the current campaign of the NRW Heat Pump Market Place. Heat pumps save heating costs and protect the environment by utilising renewable environmental heat to a major extent, and they can be combined with a photovoltaic installation. Environmental heat, such as groundwater, geothermal energy or heat from the outside air are supplied by "Mother Nature" absolutely free of charge and can be used anywhere. The fact that it is also possible to provide inexpensive cooling with a heat pump is a further positive argument for many people. This is why around 35 per cent of the new structures in NRW, and also many existing buildings, are now heated using heat pumps. To convince members of the public in our state of the advantages of heat pumps, the NRW Heat Pump Market Place has joined forces with the Initiative Photovoltaics NRW to organise the campaign " The Sun Makes Power, The Pump Makes Heat" with radio advertising and an information tour through large shopping centres. In addition to producing brochures and information on funding opportunities, experts from the EnergyAgency.NRW and partners are available on the spot. In 2016 around 66,500 new heat pumps were installed in Germany, 13,300 of them in NRW. Of the 750,000 heat pumps installed nationwide, more than 150,240 (approx. 20 per cent) provide environmentally friendly heat in NRW. (www.energieagentur.nrw/waermepumpen)
Hydropower: The use of hydropower to generate energy is able to make a worldwide contribution to the reduction of climatic problems. But it also supports the decentralised energy turnaround in the regions since, as a constantly available part of the energy mix, it provides an ideal complement to the combination of renewable energy sources and helps ensure grid stability. The technically usable potential of hydropower is estimated in NRW today at 800 GWh/a electricity, of which 200 GWh/a has yet to be exploited, however. NRW ranks fourth among the German states. The office for hydropower at the EnergyAgency.NRW provides information and advice. Against the background of the European framework water resources directive, the state of North Rhine-Westphalia is endeavouring to expand hydropower in a way which does not harm the water ecology, and is doing this by reactivating and optimising installations and by using hydroelectric technology on existing dam and infrastructural installations. The NRW state government has to date funded 180 plants with a total capacity of around 16 megawatt. The total assistance amounting to approx. 8 million euros has attracted further investments of more than 35 million euros. (www.energieagentur.nrw/wasserkraft)
Wind energy: Retrospectively 2016 can be seen to have been one the strongest years ever for wind energy. In Germany 1.624 new onshore wind turbines with a capacity of 4,625 MW were erected in 2016 and 336 onshore wind turbines with a capacity of 366 MW were demolished. For the whole of Germany this means that, at the end of the year, 27,270 onshore wind turbines and 947 offshore wind turbines with a total capacity of 50,020 MW were installed. (Source: "Status des Windenergieausbaus an Land in Deutschland 2016" and "Status des Offshore Windenergieausbaus in Deutschland 2016", Deutsche Windguard)
In NRW alone, as at 31.12.2016 more than 3,345 wind turbines with an installed capacity of 4,604 MW were turning. If one considers the additional installed capacity, North Rhine-Westphalia with its share of 12.2 per cent (564 MW) shows for 2016 a fresh increase and is now on a level with Schleswig Holstein in terms of total additional capacity. With 77.0 billion kWh Germany in 2016 may not have reached the previous year’s level of 78.9 billion kWh, but the wind energy generated 9.3 billion kWh in December 2016 and so enjoyed the lion’s share among renewables. Of this amount 1.3 billion kWh was accounted for by offshore wind energy. Compared to the record month of December 2015 (11.7 billion kWh) the wind power generated (9.3 billion kWh) was 21 per cent below expectations. (Source: Internationales Wirtschaftsforum Regenerative Energien (IWR)) Renewables experienced a record day on 8 May 2016: at 1 p.m. 86.3 per cent of the electricity demand in Germany was covered by renewable energy sources - an unprecedented figure, (Source: Agora Energiewende (2017): The energy turnaround in the electricity sector: State of affairs in 2016. Review of major developments and prospects for 2017.)
Wind Energy Network NRW: The Wind Energy Network has the goal of reinforcing the wind industry in the region and promoting the expansion of wind energy in NRW. It provides an interactive platform where its more than 1,800 members along the entire value chain of the wind industry can conduct a dialogue in relation to specific themes and in the search for solutions. Through the close collaboration with the players from industry, science and politics, development potentials are recorded, and interests are combined and then implemented in the form of innovative technologies and services. The Network issues subject-related publications such as the Business Directory Wind Energy in NRW, specialist brochures and articles, and in this way it establishes a clear informative framework on the subject of wind energy in NRW. The wide range of information services is supplemented by numerous specialist events and working groups which the Network conducts and supports. (www.energieagentur.nrw/windenergie)
Small wind turbines: The discussion around the consequences and impact of global climate change and the desire for many citizens to be independent of large energy supply companies has focused public attention increasingly on this form of energy generation over the past few years. According to latest estimates by the World Wind Energy Association (WWEA) Small Wind about 2,200 small wind turbines were turning in North Rhine-Westphalia in 2015. This represents a small increase since 2014. The Wind Energy Network operates its own portal on the subject of small wind turbines at www.energieagentur.nrw/windenergie/kleinwind. In 2016 the Network conducted numerous consultations and collaborated with the BEW in Essen in organising a training event on the subject of small wind turbines.
Further training, sensitisation and motivation: Within the framework of its knowledge management, the EnergyAgency.NRW offers various target groups a wide range of initial further training events in various forms and various sensitisation and motivational concepts aiming at energy-aware behaviour. The project "KlimaKidz - Climate Change and Renewable Energy Sources" for 5th and 6th grade students at secondary schools had involved around 2,040 school students in NRW by the end of the year; the teaching unit "KlimaTeens – Energy and Plastic in Everyday Life" with experiments for 7th to 9th grade students reached a total of 3,000 young people More than 1,106 participants attended the specialist seminars on a wide range of energy topics. And with the help of "mission E", a concept of the EnergyAgency.NRW which has received a number of awards, it is intended to motivate employees on the long term to behave in an energy-aware fashion. By means of the “mission E”, the EnergyAgency.NRW managed to reach a total of 266,600 people in 2016. (www.missionE.nrw)
Across all subject areas, the EnergyAgency.NRW could boast a total of 1,080 event activities and involvements in 2016 (see the graphic below; source: EnergyAgency.NRW).
Dr. Joachim Frielingsdorf
Leiter Kommunikation und Pressesprecher / Leiter Wissensmanagement
Telefon: 0202 2455219
Uwe H. Burghardt
Kommunikation, Pressesprecher Innovationen und Netzwerke
Telefon: 0211 8664213
Sie erreichen die EnergieAgentur.NRW außerdem werktags von 8 bis 18 Uhr über die Hotline unter 0211 - 8371930.